At the present moment, the global market of transport services is characterized by a transition to closer international cooperation among its participants. To build logistics chains it is required to combine the capabilities of several types of transport, contributing to the development of trade relations between countries, forming stable international economic relations.
The harmonious, well-balanced work of all modes of transport contributes to the growth of world trade and the solution of a significant part of social problems.
In 2018 the activities of the Organisation for Cooperation between Railways (OSJD) were aimed at tackling the tasks of improving and developing the international railway transport of passengers and goods, increasing their competitiveness in the Eurasian region, strengthening the regulatory framework and achieving greater efficiency in the operation of the railway transport in the OSJD member countries.
In recent years, the OSJD, incorporating 29 countries in Europe and Asia, has made significant progress in ensuring, developing and improving international railway transport.
In 2018, about 5,4 billion passengers and about 5,5 billion tons of goods were transported by OSJD member countries and OSJD railways. Works have been performed to reconstruct the railway network and to modernize the infrastructure being part of the system of 13 OSJD transport corridors.
Today, the OSJD has laid the solid legal ground for a smooth and efficient organisation of international railway transport, taking into account the interests of all participants in the transportation process, and well-established work has been carried out as regards the OSJD international transport corridors. The success in solving the tasks facing the OSJD today can be achieved only by the consolidated actions of all railway companies of the OSJD member countries, as well as international Organisations working in the field of transport.
On 7 June 2018, a landmark event took place in the international railway community - the Republic of Korea became a full member of OSJD. This decision on accession was unanimously adopted by the OSJD member countries during session XLVI of the OSJD Ministerial Conference in Kyrgyzstan. Thus, an international basis has been laid down for connecting the railways of the DPRK and the Republic of Korea and further expanding the transport links in the Eurasian space.
The railways of the OSJD member countries achieved the following key performance indicators in 2018.
Last year, 13,954.0 thousand tons of goods were transported on Azerbaijani Railways (95.85% against 2017), including in international traffic - 10,098.0 tons of goods (96.2% against 2017). In 2018, 2833.3 thousand passengers were transported (113.77% against 2017), including 194.7 thousand people in international traffic, which is 118.86%.
In 2018, the overhaul repair of 594 km of tracks was completed, 12 new electric power substations were commissioned, 340 km of overhead catering trunk lines were renewed.
2 four-unit double-decker electric trains of the "Stadler Rail Group" Swiss company have been procured.
In December 2018, the Baku-Ganja-Baku fast-speed passenger train was launched.
As part of consistent work to facilitate border crossing procedures by rail, Azerbaijani Railways CJSC simplified the border crossing procedures on the boundary with the Russian Federation having organised a joint inspection of the international passenger trains in collaboration with the State Border Service and the State Customs Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan en route on the Khachmaz-Yalama section, which has made it possible to eliminate the train stops on the border between the stations of Yalama and Samur in both directions and reduce the time spent by the trains en route.
In 2018, eight new container trains and one container-contrailer train were in operation in international traffic on the territory of the Republic of Azerbaijan, namely: Iran - Azerbaijan - Russia, Belarus - Russia - Azerbaijan, EU countries - Ukraine - Georgia - Azerbaijan, Poland - Ukraine - Georgia - Azerbaijan - Iran, Georgia - Azerbaijan, China - Kazakhstan - Azerbaijan - Georgia, China - Kazakhstan - Russia - Azerbaijan, China - Kazakhstan - Russia - Azerbaijan - Georgia and Azerbaijan - Georgia - Ukraine - Belarus - Lithuania (container-contrailer train).
According to the results of 2018, the volume of freight traffic through the Byelorussian Railway amounted to 157.2 million tons (107.4% against 2017), to include: in export - 53.4 million tons (100,0%), in import - 19.3 million tons (94.8%), in domestic traffic - 35.8 million tons (106.9%), in transit - 48.7 million tons (124.5%). The freight turnover of the Byelorussian Railway amounted to 52,573.7 million t-km (108.3% against 2017), including 41,682.6 million t-km in international traffic or 108.3% against 2017.
The Byelorussian Railway network operates mainly the container trains linking Chinese and European freight owners. Container traffic in communication with China is organised along the main routes through the following stations: Zabaikalsk (in transit through Russia), Naushki (in transit through Mongolia), Dostyk and Altynkol stations (in transit through Kazakhstan).
In the framework of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU), together with the railways of Russia and Kazakhstan, the United Transport and Logistics Company (UTLC ERA, OSJD affiliated enterprise), established on a parity basis, provides logistics in the '1520 area' for container train projects in the traffic Asia - Europe - Asia, including China - Belarus - China.
In 2018, the volume of container freight traffic in comminication China - Europe - China amounted to 314.7 thousand containers in TEUs, or 128.0% against 2017, including China - Europe - 178.8 thousand TEUs, or 120.1%, Western Europe - China - 135.9 thousand TEUs, or 140.2%.
In the short term, the growth dynamics of container traffic between China and the European Union is predicted to continue. In 2019, the traffic is predicted at a level of 390 thousand containers in TEUs.
In 2018, 40,456 containers proceeded in transit through the Byelorussian Railway using the uniform CIM/SMGS consignment note, of which 17,860 containers ran in the direction "West - East" (from the Czech Republic, Germany, Slovakia to the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan and China), and in the opposite direction "East - West" - 22596 containers.
1463 containers were sent from the stations of the Byelorussian Railway to the countries of Western Europe under the application of the CIM/SMGS consignment note (to Slovenia, the Czech Republic), as well as 3653 loaded wagons, of which 3605 were registered with the destination in Romania.
In 2018, 79,857.0 thousand passengers, or 99.1% against 2017, took advantage of the railway transport services. Passenger traffic amounted to 6215.3 million passenger-km, or 98.7% against 2017. In international traffic, 3767.2 thousand passengers were transported, which is by 28.3 thousand people more, or by 0.8% against 2017.
Together with the PKP Intercity JSC, a daily interchange passenger service has been successfully organised and implemented on the route Minsk - Brest - Warsaw.
The electrification of the Molodechno - Gudogai railway section carried out as part of the infrastructure development of the OSJD transport corridor No. 9 made it possible to organise the train traffic Minsk - Vilnius by the electric trains of an increased capacity.
Within the framework of the joint project implemented in collaboration with the railway administrations of Ukraine, Lithuania and Latvia the four-capital train service has been organised between Kiev - Minsk - Vilnius - Riga.
In view of the preparation for the II-nd Europen Games in the Republic of Belarus in 2019, the Byelorussian Railway pays much attention to the development of the railway transport infrastructure objects in order to better fit it for servicing the participants in the sport events, organising all kind of services, as well as reference and information services.
In 2018, 20 passenger coaches and 423 freight wagons were procured.
The Bulgarian State Railways in 2018 transported 14.6 million tons of goods (-9.4% against 2017), including that in international traffic -4.2 million tons (by preliminar estimation -7.2% against 2017). The volume of passenger traffic amounted to 20.5 million passengers (-3.2% against 2017), incl. in international traffic -804 thousand passengers (-2.4% against 2017).
As part of the modernization project of the existing railway lines, railway sections, stations and railway infrastructure facilities, the project "Reconstruction of the railway infrastructure of the Plovdiv-Bourgas railway line, phase 2" has been updated and the railway section Straldzha - Tserkovsky has been put into operation which length is 13 km, as well as 3 traction substations have been built and commissioned - Burgas, Karnobat and Yambol.
The Hungarian Railways (MAV Start CJSC and GySEV CJSC - OSJD observer) transported 147.8 million passengers in 2018, to onclude:
MAV Start CJSC - 141.9 million passengers (3.07 million - in international traffic, 0.02% against 2017 and 138.7 million - in domestic traffic, 0.3% against 2017;
GySEV CJSC carried 6.0 million passengers (106 thousand in international traffic, -6.4% against 2017 and 5.9 million in domestic traffic, -1.02% against 2017.
The freight turnover amounted to 23.8 billion t-km, including: in international traffic - 15.7 billion t-km (-0.8% against 2017) and in domestic traffic - 8.1 billion t-km (+3.2% against 2017).
As part of the plan to modernize the existing railway lines, sections, stations, railway infrastructure facilities, the reconstruction of the single-track suburban line Budapest - Esztergom and of the line Santhod - Koroshed - Balato- nentryer on the southern shore of the Lake Balaton has been completed, which has made it possible to increase the throughput capacity for the trains, ensure traffic safety, improve the quality of services and significantly reduce the travel time.
As part of the state programme for the lighting modernization, relevant works have been carried out to improve the indoor and outdoor lighting of buildings at 17 railway stations.
In 2018, at the Hungarian-Slovak border crossing the old 29-meter bridge over the Leita River was replaced, which was of great importance for the railway traffic on the Budapest-Warsaw wailway line. The new bridge meets the requirements of the load and other applicable standards.
During the past year works were continued to fully reconstruct the Pushpokladan-Debrecen section on the Budapest-Zahony railway line, located in the OSJD railway transport corridor No. 5, as well as the Budapest-Pustasabolc section, for the train speeds of up to 160 km/h and axle loads of up to 22,5 tons. As part of the renovation, it is planned to upgrade the facades of the station buildings, waiting rooms and other infrastructure facilities.
As part of the rolling stock modernization programme, a contract was signed with the Swiss company Stadler Rail AG for the supply of 8 KISS double-decker electric multiply units and 9 electric locomotives of the Vectron type, manufactured by Siemens AG.
In the train schedule for 2018/2019 new international routes have been opened: Budapest - Berlin (Budapest - Bratislava - Breclav - Wroclaw - Berlin), under the name "Metropol EuroNight" and Cluj - Napoca - Budapest - Vienna, under the name "Transilvania EuroCity"; and the new route Budapest - Zahony - Mukachevo provides a direct railway service between Ukraine and Hungary by using a 1435-mm track gauge.
The Railway of Kazakhstan transported goods in transit in the amount of 17,559 thousand tons last year. The increase in transit traffic by 9.7% as compared to 2017 is due to the growth in the transportation of the following goods:
iron ore (a 4-time increase) from Russia to Uzbekistan;
crude oil to Uzbekistan;
construction materials (+12%) from Russia to the countries of Central Asia, from China to Uzbekistan;
grain (+74%) from Russia to Iran;
chemicals and soda (+2%) from China to Uzbekistan, from Uzbekistan to Russia, from Russia to the countries of Central Asia;
fertilizers (+12%) from Uzbekistan to Ukraine and from Russia to Kyrgyzstan and Turkmenistan;
ferrous metals (+27%) from Russia and China to the countries of Central Asia;
other goods (+10%), machinery and equipment from China to Uzbekistan, Poland and Russia, from the Republic of Korea to Uzbekistan, from Poland to China, food staff from China to Italy, vegetables and fruits from Uzbekistan to China, paper and cardboard from Russia and Ukraine to the countries of Central Asia, sugar from Russia to Uzbekistan.
The volume of container traffic in international (export, import and transit) segment amounted to 864.8 thousand TEUs, which is by 253.9 thousand TEUs more than in 2017 (611 thousand TEUs), including:
in export traffic - 162.9 thousand TEUs, which is by 41.8 thousand TEUs more, than in 2017 (121.1 thousand TEUs);
in import traffic - 164.5 thousand TEUs, which is by 22.2 thousand TEUs more than in 2017 (142.4 thousand TEUs);
in transit traffic - 537.4 thousand TEUs, which is more by 189.9 thousand TEUs than in 2017 (347.5 thousand TEUs). In 2018, 4,486 container trains were organised in international (export, import and transit) traffic, which is by 1560 container trains more than in 2017 (2926 container trains), of which 369 trains were organised along the new routes, including:
in export traffic - 23 container trains along new routes (Dzhaltyr - Alashankou, Novo-Ust-Kamenogorsk - Qingdao, Novo-Ust-Kamenogorsk - Lianyungang, etc.);
in import traffic - 14 container trains along new routes (Brest-North - Kartaly-1 - Oskemen-1, Nakhodka-East - Lokot - Oskemen-1, Vladivostok - Lokot - Oskemen-1, etc.);
in transit traffic - 332 container trains (Chongqing - Dobra, Dobra - Chongqing, Kolyadichi - Chendu, Rotterdam - Chendu, Nakhodka - Kulunda - Sergeli, Chendu - Kleschycha, etc.).
In August 2018, as part of the development of transit and transport potential of Kazakhstan, a solemn event was held on the occasion of the presentation of a multimodal transport hub - the port of Kuryk.
In 2018, 782 vehicles of new rolling stock were procured.
At present, the cooperation prospects are under consideration jointly with the government bodies regarding the project of creating a high-speed cargo-passenger railway corridor 'Eurasia, which will make it possible to establish a high-speed cargo-passenger link between China and Europe. A Kazakhstan-Russian Working Group has been established at the level of authorized state bodies for the elaboration of the 'Eurasia' project.
In 2018, Chinese Railways carried 3.37 billion passengers, which is by 290 million passengers more (or 9.4%) than in previous year. Passenger turnover made up 1414.658 billion passenger-km, which by 5.1% more than the 2017 level.
In 2018, 4.03 billion tons of goods were transported, which is by 340 million tons more than in 2017 (+ 9.2%). Freight turnover amounted to 2880.5 billion t-km (+6.8% or 186.2 billion t-km).
In 2018, 4128 container trains were organised in China-Europe-China traffic (excluding the routes China - Russia and China - Belarus), which is by 59% more than the level of 2017, to include: China - Europe - 2418 trains (+ 50% against 2017) and Europe - China - 1710 trains (+76% against 2017).
1653 trains (+29%) proceeded through the border crossing Alashankou/Dostyk in the direction of China - Europe, and in the direction of Europe - China - 1130 trains (+54%).
222 trains (+693%) proceeded through the Khorgos/Altynkol border crossing point in the direction of China - Europe, and in the direction of Europe - China - 181 trains (+5933%).
284 trains (+52%) proceeded through the Erlian/Zamyn-Uud border crossing point in the direction of China - Europe, while in the direction of Europe - China - 363 trains (+88%).
259 trains (-23%) proceeded through the border crossing point of Manchuria/Zabaykalsk in the direction of China - Europe, while 36 trains (+ 200%) - in the direction of Europe - China.
The transportation volumes of imported and exported goods by using the CIM/SMGS consignment note amounted to 14000 TEUs in 2018.
By the end of 2018, container trains had departed from 59 cities in China to 49 cities in 15 European countries, including the following newly added in 2018: 21 Chinese cities (Urumqi, Linyi, Shijiazhuang, etc.), 2 European countries (Austria , Italy), 13 European cities: Vienna (Austria), Milan (Italy), Durge (France), Kaliningrad (Russia) and others.
In 2018, the total investment in the Chinese railway industry amounted to 802.8 billion yuan (about 117 billion US dollars), the implementation of 26 new projects started, 4683 km of railways were commissioned, incl. 4100 km of high-speed railway lines as follows: Chengde - Shenyang, Beijing - Harbin, Hangzhou - Huangshan, Hangzhou - Nanchang; Xinmin - Tongliao, Harbin - Mudanjiang, Jinan - Qingdao, Nanping - Longyan, Huaihua - Hengyang, Tongren - Yuping, Chengdu - Ya'an, Qingdao -Yancheng.
In 2018, the Latvian Railway transported 49.260 million tons of goods (112.5% against 2017), incl. 47.896 million tons in international traffic (113.7% as compared to 2017). 18,242 thousand passengers were transported (104.3% against 2017), including 166 thousand passengers in international traffic (99.4% against 2017).
In 2018, the Bolderaja - Krievu-sala section was built and put into operation in the Riga hub, with the opening of the Krievu-sala station for freight and commercial operations. A new station was built near the cargo terminals to reduce the distance for supplying and cleaning the wagons, as part of Krievu infrastructure development activities to transfer port activities from the city center.
In 2018, overhaul repair of 17.54 km of railway tracks and 5 railway crossings was performed. 5 modernized 2M62UM diesel locomotives were procured.
The Lithuanian Railways transported 56.775 million tons of goods last year (107.9% against the level of 2017), including 41.672 million tons in international traffic (112.3% against the level of 2017).
5169 million passengers were transported (111.0%), including 0.869 million passengers (108.2%) in international traffic.
Last year, 41 container trains using the CIM/SMGS consignment note transited through the Lithuanian Railways network (1763 containers, 1685 CIM/SMGS consignment notes). The main container traffic in container trains using the CIM/SMGS consignment note included the transportation of computer equipment and car spare parts from China (Chongqing station) to Germany (Duisburg) through the Gudogai/Kena - Kybartai/Chernyshevskoye border crossing points.
In 2018, 33.74 km of railway tracks underwent major overhaul repair and 66.14 km underwent routine repairs. 27.1 km of outdated rails were replaced, 8 engineer objects (bridges and everpasses) were repaired.
In 2018, works were continued on the implementation of the Rail Baltica project. Within the framework of the project a feasibility study was carried out to define possible options for building a railway line with a track gauge of 1435 mm from the state border with Poland to Kaunas, a feasibility study was completed to define possible options for building a railway line with a track gauge of 1435 mm Vilnius - Kaunas. The railway line parameters are as follows: speed - up to 249 km/h, double track, axle load - 25 tons, a mixed traffic for passenger and freight trains is planned.
In 2018, the Railway of Moldova transported 4.9 million tons of goods (102% as compared to 2017), including: transit - 1.5 million tons (83%), export - 1.3 million tons (123%), import - 1.7 million tons (106%), in domestic traffic - 5 million tons (112%).
1.7 million passengers were transported (94% against 2017).
Last year, 31080 wagons were transported using the CIM/SMGS consignment note through the territory of the Republic of Moldova, of which: 28,287 wagons in transit, import - 1,368 wagons, export - 1,425 wagons. The main types of the goods transported under the application of the CIM/SMGS consignment note included: diesel fuel, cast iron, rolled iron, iron ore and concentrates, oil and oil products, wood, calces, sugar, fertilizers, wheat, salt, automobiles.
In 2018, container transportations were carried out along previously organised container routes. In 2019, together with the Ukrainian Railways JSC, the possibility of launching a container train traffic on the route Odessa port – Chisinau being considered.
In 2018, the implementation of e first large-scale investment project ntinued "Restructuring of Moldavian Railways, funded by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development BRD) together with the European vestment Bank (EIB) and the European Union. Within the framework of e railway infrastructure rehabilitation project, SYSTRA (France) developed a feasibility study for assessing e needs of the railway infrastructure the Republic of Moldova. After the approval of the feasibility study, the development of tender documentation began for the selection of the contractor for the capital reconstruction of the Bender-Basarabask-Etulia-Giurgiulesti railway line being 233 km long.
In 2018, 25.8 million tons of goods were transported by Ulan-Bator Railway, which is 13.2% higher than in 2017. 499 container trains ran through Mongolia in the direction Asia - Europe and 356 container trains in the direction of Europe - Asia (+ 60% against 2017).
2.6 million passengers were transported.
A new terminal has been opened at the Olon Ovoo station.
In 2018, a new cargo terminal was commissioned at Zamyn- Uud station capable of receiving container trains running in the direction of China - Mongolia - Russia - Europe.
A major overhaul of 50 km of railway tracks was performed on the sections of Bayan - Khairkhan, Ulaan-Uul - Nomt - Tsagaan Had - Sumangiin Zoo - Avgyun gol.
Last year the PKP Intercity JSC being part of the Polish State Railways carried 46.1 million passengers (an increase of 8%), including in international traffic - 1.4 million passengers (an increase of 27%).
The PKP Intercity continues to implement a large-scale investment programme being the largest in the entire history of the Company under the title "PKP Intercity as a railway of large capital investments".
The PKP Cargo JSC and the PKP LHS LLC transported 119.7 million tons of goods, which is 3% higher as compared to the level of 2017 (116.2 million tons).
The total volume of freight traffic by PKP Cargo JSC amounted to 109 million tons, including: in domestic traffic - 67.1 million tons, in international traffic - 41.9 million tons (growth 2.8% as compared to 2017).
Due to the diversification of routes and the launch of regular traffic through the border crossing points of Kuznica Bialostocka - Bruzgi and Braniewo - Mamonovo in the framework of the traffic development on the New Silk Road, the PKP Cargo JSC delivered by 30% more containers in 2018 as compared to 2017.
The total volume of freight traffic by the PKP LHS LLC amounted to 10.7 million tons, to include: in domestic traffic - 72 thousand tons, in international traffic - 10.6 million tons.
In 2018, the PKP Cargo JSC procured 3 locomotives of ET25 series (E6ACTa construction type), 17 platforms of special series (N-238-00 construction type) and upgraded 20 locomotives of SM48 series to ST49 series.
Last year, the PKP LXC LLC organised a trial run of a container train on the route Slawkow (Poland) - Urumqi (China) along the TMTM route (Trans-Caspian International Transport Route - TCITR). Work is underway to launch a regular service on the China-Europe route using a broad-gauge railway line of the PKP LHS LLC. In addition, as part of the preparation for the launch of a regular freight traffic on the South-West route, a test run of one container was organised by using the PKP LHS line on the route Slawkow (Poland) - Astara (transshipment terminal on the Azerbaijani-Iranian border) - Slawkow (Poland).
In 2018, the PKP LHS LLC upgraded 10 locomotives of M62 type with a 14D40 engine.
The PKP PLK, managing the national railway infrastructure network, continued to implement the largest investment programme for the modernization of the country's railway infrastructure.
In particular, the following major railway lines were modernized:
E 75 Rail Baltica - on the section Warsaw - Bialystok - border with Lithuania;
E 30 C-E30 on the section of Krakow - Rzeszow - Medyka and in the area of the border crossing point in Medyka;
E 65 on the section of Warsaw - Gdynia.
In 2018, 1,414,681 thousand tons of goods were transported on the Russian Railways (2.3% against 2017), of which 828,962 thousand tons in international traffic (1.8% as compared to 2017).
According to the results of the work during the year, 1157.2 million passengers enjoined the services rendered by the railway transport, that is 39.3 million passengers more against the level of 2017 (+3.5%), 110.3 million passengers were carried in long-distance traffic (+7,9%), 1046.9 million passengers - in suburban traffic (+3.1%). The overall volume of international railway traffic amounted to 6,795,405 passengers, which is 4.8% less than in 2017.
The volume of container traffic has increased by 14.4% and amounted to 4441 thousend TEUs - generally due to the inscreased volume of international traffic (+22,5%, 2542 thousend TEUs). Maximum growth has been observed in the import and transit traffic - 22.0% and 35.1% respectively.
In total, in 2018, the Russian Railways transported 35.658 shipments using the CIM/SMGS consignment note (container and wagon), including 100546 containers, which is 2.1% and 25.5%, more as compared to 2017, respectively, of which:
in export traffic - 21,567 shipments (+10.3%), including 47,219 containers (by 26.5% more);
in import traffic - 8445 shipments (-17%), including 37,205 containers (by 25.7% more);
in transit traffic - 5646 shipments (+ 5.4%), including 6558 containers (by 17.8% more).
The volume of transit traffic in the communication China - Europe - China through the territory of Kazakhstan, Russia and Belarus, performed by the "UTLC ERA" JSC container operator (OSJD affiliated enterprise) in 2018, amounted to 280.6 thousand TEUs, which is by 60% more than in 2017. A total of 3342 container trains were sent.
The number of regular routes in the services of the "UTLC ERA" JSC reached 57 last year. The transit services of the "UTLC ERA" JSC are associated with more than 20 terminals in EU countries.
In connection with the increase in freight traffic of container trains in the direction of China - Europe - China in March 2018, a new route for container trains through the Siemianowka/Svisloch border crossing point was opened.
On 24 March 2018 the first container train set off from the station of Lodz in the direction of the Chinese city of Chengdu. This was the first container train on this route loaded with 41 40-foot containers with mixed consignment. Since April 2018, the new route has been used on a regular basis.
In 2018, 48 container trains loaded with 41 containers each proceeded along the route China - Kaliningrad - Europe. 41 trains of 41 containers each proceeded in the traffic Europe - Kaliningrad - China. The total volume of transported containers amounted to 7238 TEUs.
As part of the improved container traffic technology, the "XL Train" project has been implemented: in 2018, 609 long-haul trains were organised, which included up to 100 conditional wagons. This technology makes it possible to increase the operational efficiency of the infrastructure throughput capacity and reduce the costs in the transport process organisation.
In 2018, 631 locomotives were procured (382 electric locomotives, 249 diesel locomotives) and 115 track vehicles. 35 'Lastochka' electric trains were delivered. 724 passenger coaches were procured and 584 coaches were upgraded.
According to the data of the National Railway Company "CFR"-SA, the passenger traffic on the Romanian Railways amounted to 63.1 million train-km (98.56% as compared to 2017) last year. The volume of freight traffic amounted to 22.9 million train-km (109.02% to the level of 2017).
During 2018, the "CFR"-SA implemented several categories of projects aimed at upgrading the existing railway lines, sections, stations, railway infrastructure facilities, namely:
Projects for the reconstruction of railway lines, modernization of railway stations, electronic interlocking, security and ERTMS systems, restoration of bridges, small bridges and tunnels, which were financed from the European Union's Operational Programme for Transport for 2007-2013 (POST 2007- 2013);
Projects for the reconstruction of railway lines, modernization of railway stations, electronic interlocking systems, security and ERTMS, restoration of bridges, small bridges and tunnels, which are funded from the European Union's Large Infrastructure Operational Programme 2014-2020 (POIM) / Connecting Europe Facility - CEF 2014-2020.
In 2018, "CFR Marfa" - SA transported 24.6 million tons of goods (-9.8% against 2017), including: 795 thousand tons in export traffic (-1.6% against 2017), in import traffic - 1.51 million tons (53.4% against 2017), in transit traffic - 5 thousand tons (-87.3% against 2017), in internal traffic - 22.3 million tons (-12, 4% against 2017).
The total volume of goods transported using the CIM/SMGS consignment note was 648,016 tons (17,100 consignments, 22,416 wagons).
In 2018, "CFR - Kalatori" - S.A. transported 53.7 million passengers (-5.6% against 2017), and the passenger turnover amounted to 4.9 billion passenger-km (-3.2% against 2017).
In 2018, the Slovak Railway carried 34.4 million tons of goods (35.6 million tons in 2017), which is 3.5% lower as compared to the level of 2017, including: in international traffic - 3.0 million tons, in domestic traffic - 3.4 million tons. 73.8 million passengers were transported, which exceeds the level of 2017 by 1.8%.
In 2018, new container routes were created from China via TKD Dobra (TKD Dobra, Slovakia) - transshipment:
from Xi'an (China) to Budapest (Hungary, MAHART terminal) via Kazakhstan, Russia, Ukraine and Slovakia;
from Changsha (China) to Budapest (Hungary, terminal BILK) via Kazakhstan, Russia, Ukraine and Slovakia;
from Chengdu (China) to Vienna (Austria) via Kazakhstan, Russia, Ukraine and Slovakia.
Using the CIM/SMGS consignment note, 2127 wagons (2509 consignment notes) were transported, of which: import - 973 wagons, export - 659 wagons, transit - 495 wagons.
In 2018, the reconstruction and future development of railway transport infrastructure facilities was continued that ensure the functioning of the passenger complex (first of all, railway stations and station buildings) aimed at achieving passenger traffic safety, high level of comfort and service.
In 2018, the Tajik Railway carried 5.3 million tons of goods, which is 115.1% as compared to the level of 2017, to include: export - 1.3 million tons (173.0%), import - 3.9 million tons (106.0% by 2017). 545 thousand passengers were carried, which is 102.8% against the level of 2017.
The modernization of the Vakhdat-Yavan and Vakhsh-Yavan railway lines continued last year.
In 2018, the Railways of Uzbekistan transported 947,898.6 thousand tons of goods (86,405.6 thousand tons in 2017) and 22,623.2 thousand passengers (21,591.1 thousand passengers in 2017). The freight turnover amounted to 22941.6 million t-km, while the passenger turnover - 4329.0 million passenger-km.
Since October 2018, a new containerized express train has been running on the route "Tashkent - Pap - Raustan - Margilan - Andijan" in domestic traffic.
The following investment projects have been implemented:
"Construction of the Urgench-Khiva railway line";
"Electrification of the Karshi-Kitab railway line with the organisation of high-speed passenger traffic" (the construction and installation works have been completed, and the train traffic has been organised).
The Tashkent-South railway station was reconstructed and put into operation capable of setting off and receiving local and suburban trains.
515 freight wagons have been built, 29 sections of locomotives have undergone overhaul reconditioning repair, 3254 freight wagons have been modernized, 186 km of railway tracks restored, 2 new Russian-made electric locomotives have been purchased.
Preparatory work is underway to open the route Bukhara - Khiva serviced by passenger coaches produced by TashWRZ with a design speed up to 160 km/h. A high-speed section (124 km) was built in the direction of Karshi - Shakhrisabz. The route of the high-speed train in the direction of Tashkent - Karshi has been extended to the station of Shahrisabz.
In 2018, the Ukrainian Railway transported 322.34 million tons of goods, which is 17.21 million tons, or 5.1% less than in 2017. The decrease in traffic volumes in comparison with the previous year occurred in all modes of transportation: export amounted to 107.42 million tons (-8.71 million tons or -7.5%), import - 43.62 million tons (-0.25 million tons or -0.6%), transit - 16.35 million tons (-3.21 million tons or -16.4%). Including, in international traffic (export, import, transit) 167.39 million tons of goods were transported, which is 93.2% as compared to 2017.
Passenger turnover in long-distance traffic amounted to 28,615.2 million pass-km, which is 2.2% more as compared to the previous year, to include in international traffic - 1214.8 million pass-km, which is 5.6% more than in 2017.
8 new passenger coaches have been procured and 118 passenger coaches have been modernized.
During 2018, 6 international container trains ran through the territory of Ukraine. Since February 2018, a container train has been organised along the route China - Kazakhstan (Dostyk/Altynkol - Kanisai) - Russian Federation (Iletsk - Suzemka) - Ukraine (Zernovo - Chop) - Slovakia (Chierna nad Tisou - Dobra Terminal), as part of which forty-foot containers with groupage cargo (mainly consumer goods) are transported. In addition 8 container trains in domestic traffic were organised last year, the routes of which connect the port stations of the Black Sea region with the major industrial cities of Ukraine.
During the reporting period, 52,981 shipments of goods were performed with the use of the unified CIM/SMGS consignment note, which is 21% less than the number of shipments in 2017 (67,161 shipments). Of these, 47,579 wagons (export - 36090, import - 3041, transit - 8448) and 5402 containers (export - 10, transit - 5392).
In 2018, the construction of a new Beskyd double-track railway tunnel was completed, which is part of the 5th international transport corridor, on the Beskid-Skotarsky section. The movement of trains has been opened since 25 May 2018.
Reconstruction and technical re-equipment of 284 km of railway tracks and major repairs of 273 km of railway tracks have been completed.
15 new locomotives and 3351 freight wagons have been purchased. 115 locomotives and 12 track maintenance vehicles have been upgraded and 36,344 freight wagons have been repaired with planned types of repairs.
The passenger transportation volumes on the Czech Railways amounted to 179.230 million passengers (+2.6% against 2017) lasr year. Passenger turnover reached 8.2 billion passenger-km and became a record figure over the past 10 years.
In 2018 20993 wagons were transported with the use of the CIM/SMGS consignment note (export 10607, import 10386), which is 32% higher than the level of 2017. The main routes for the carriage of goods are as follows: Mlada Boleslav - Perspectivnaya and Mlada Boleslav - Nizhny Novgorod. The share of transportation under the application of the CIM/SMGS consignment note has amounted to: with the Russian Federation: export - 99%, import - 44%, with the Republic of Belarus: export - 83%, import - 36%, with Ukraine: export - 1%, import - 1%, with Kazakhstan: export - 68%.
The total investment volume for the development and modernization of the railway infrastructure amounted to 19 billion CZK (about 741 million euros) in 2018.
The Estonian Railway transported 13.535 million tons in 2018, which is by 9.1% more than in 2017. 10.763 million tons were transported in international traffic, which is by 17.4% more than in 2017.
During 2018, 7.764 million passengers were transported, which is by 4.4% more than in 2017 and 417.302 million passenger-km were performed (an increase of 13.9% against 2017). In the international (direct) traffic 105.9 thousand passengers were transported, which is by 0.5% less than in 2017.
The new container routes on EVR (according to the train formation plan) are as follows:
1432 (1-5) «Amber Train»: Estonia - Latvia - Lithuania (Muuga - Valga - Jelgava - Meite, Radviliskis - Kaunas/
1391/1392: China - Russia - Estonia (Zabaikalsk - Narva - Paldiski).
The railway tracks underwent overhaul repair in the following sections last year:
Tallinn - Keila - Paldiski and Keila - Riisipere - 14.542 km;
Sonda - Kabala and Tapa - Kadrina - 11.424 km.
The railway platform was reconstructed at Narva station - 400 meters, as well as 3 railway crossings were repaired. 4 switches were dismantled and 8 switches were replaced.